Time Blindness

The Executive Function Chronicles: Chapter One

Don’t feel like reading? Listen to my podcast episode on time blindness instead.

As a kid I never went anywhere without a watch. I checked the time so much that I would try to guess it before looking. And often, I was right.

But I was (am) still. always. late. Because telling time is very different from feeling time pass. Telling time is a skill, often taught in early childhood with colorful big-faced felt clocks. Feeling time is internal – an indescribable tick-tick-ticking inside of us.

I want you to think about how often during the day you have to estimate how much time something will take, and how often that estimation impacts what you do next.

6:24 A.M. You don’t hit your snooze button twice even though you’re tired, because you can feel nine minutes have already passed and that means you now have nine minutes less to get ready for work.

3:00 P.M. You’re giving a presentation and you calculate how much information you have with how much time you have in order to regulate your pace, and decide if you allow time for questions, or if you have to cut a section that you determine is lower priority.

9:38 A.M. You have plans to meet your friend for brunch at 10:30 but you wake up late. You call to let her know you’ll have to postpone brunch till a little later; you just need to get ready. She asks, “What time do you think you’ll be able to make it? I’ll make a reservation.” You mentally consider all the steps in your routine, how much time you need for each, as well as how long it will take to drive there accounting for traffic, to figure out your answer.

To the ADHD brain there are two times: now and not now. The “now” is big and all-consuming, and the “not now” is very small in the distance. Because guess what influences the perception of time in our brains? You know this one.

[Click for a study on how dopamine influences time perception in rats.]

When an activity is enjoyable and our brain wants us to keep it up, it shoots out some dopamine. This slows down our internal clock, which means we feel like time is moving slower and we are more likely to engage in said enjoyable activity longer. When we say “time flies when you’re having fun,” what we actually mean is “Wow, more time passed than I realized because I was having fun.” To those brains with less dopamine, time actually flies. The faster your time goes by, the less time you have. We cannot pace ourselves. We always feel as if time is racing away from us, so we tend to live our lives one frenzy after another. A month into the future and a year into the future feel exactly the same: blurry, not real, yet barreling toward us anyway. As Dr. Russell Barkley eloquently puts it, people with ADHD have a “nearsightedness to time:”


  1. Make time visible. Literally. Put several large analog clocks (better than digital because you can tangibly see time passing) all over the place. Especially in the bathroom and living areas. Visual timers are also useful tools. Here are some good ones.
  1. Time yourself performing everyday tasks. It sounds silly, but we frequently underestimate how long it takes us to complete a task. Try going through your routine with a stopwatch and record how long you spend on each step.
  2. Create a routine, and make it visual. Making everything visual is a definite theme (when we get to working memory, I will go into more depth about why that is). You can make your routine visual in a multitude of ways. It could be an app that will display your routine, or reminds you one step at a time. Maybe it’s going wild with a label maker and numbering everything in your bathroom in the order you need it. Some people even make a list of everything they need to do and post it on their wall. I really love the app little countdown, because you can input what time you need to be done and a list of all the steps in your routine, and it will backtrack to tell you what time you need to start. Sadly, it is only for iOS; I can’t find an equivalent for Android phones. If you do, please share!

What strategies do you use to “feel” time?

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10 thoughts on “Time Blindness

  1. I’ve just found your site and I want to say THANK YOU – printing pages to take to therapy with me 🙂
    But on this subject – have you ever heard of the Timeular time tracker? I recently got one. It’s like a big plastic prism, and you assign different sides to different tasks. Then as you’re doing things you just flip it so the relevant side is facing up, and it automatically tracks how long you’re spending on each tasks. When I remember to use it(!), it’s been helpful in making me more aware of time – and reduced my procrastination a bit!


    1. KIMMERIE. THIS. IS. AMAZING. Thank you so much!!! I love that this connects to an app; I’m hoping that will add a needed dimension my several other time tracking gizmos lack. Did you also get the pro subscription thing? Is it worth it?


  2. hey , I really enjoyed the piece on “time”. I’ve struggled with trying to fit too many activities into too little time.
    Inadvertently raising my anxiety level .

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I got this off my daughter n laws face book. We both have similar issues. I have adult ADHD as well as dyslexia. Life has always been hard for me. Especially with spelling and remembering how hard a time I had as a child. My mom would send my off to study my spelling words over and over again and still not get them right. Does anyone know why that is that my memory is so bad???


  3. Thank you for this. I feel like so few people actually get it… including the two different psychiatrists I’ve seen for treatment of my ADHD. When I stumble on someone who hits things so precisely on the mark with lines like:

    “To the ADHD brain there are two times: now and not now. The “now” is big and all-consuming, and the “not now” is very small in the distance.”


    “We always feel as if time is racing away from us, so we tend to live our lives one frenzy after another. A month into the future and a year into the future feel exactly the same: blurry, not real, yet barreling toward us anyway.”

    it’s an emotional event. To be so misunderstood over the course of a life, while feeling helpless to explain these things to people who haven’t lived them… at some point, you come to accept that you are “ungettable.” And, that’s very isolating.

    Thank you for explaining things in a way that is sure to help people like us be more understood by others. It means a lot.


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About Abby Chau, LMFT, ADHD-CCSP

I am a marriage and family therapist based in Seattle, WA. I also have ADHD! And I love learning more about it, by myself and with my clients. Join me as I create an ADHD Owner's Manual! (she/her)